So he thinks about death in this psalm. "[17] This vein of thought was applied to all the nations of the world by Isaiah, "All the nations are as nothing before God; they are accounted by him as less than nothing, and vanity" (Isaiah 40:17). Having turned to God and having sought his pardon and forgiveness, everything else is suddenly all right; and that is the way it has ever been for people who truly turned to the Lord. "What wait I for?" JOSEPH A ALEXANDER Psalms Commentary (1864) Spurgeon had high praise for Alexander's work writing that it "Occupies a first place among expositions. "Nothing is to be made of the expression, `and be no more,' which was merely David's way of mentioning death. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? One minute they are there, the next they are gone! Hold not thy peace at my tears — Joined with my prayers. We are not very impressed with the imaginary "reasons" some writers have assigned for this silence in the presence of the ungodly. Spurgeon's summary of the psalm has this: Regarding the authorship: the assignment of the psalm to David in the superscription is the only information available on this question; and Delitzsch has declared that there is no authority whatever for critical assignment of it to, "any particular poet, other than David."[7]. H. Ewald. We must both watch and pray against sin. David meditates on man's frailty. Far too little is known about the actual circumstances that resulted in this psalm's composition to provide very much certainty regarding exactly what is meant in every line. It may be that David saw a direct link between a sin that he had committed and this trial, or he may be simply relating his suffering to the curse on the human race that stems from Adam’s sin. One can hardly resist the speculation that Shakespeare had evidently read this psalm and made his comment on it in the lines just quoted. For Jeduthun, the choir director: A psalm of David. Psalms 39:7 - 'And now, Lord, for what do I wait? "Surely, every man walketh in a vain show; He heapeth up riches, and knoweth not who shall gather them. Men are tempted to treat this world as a permanent residence, but it is not so. 39. Remove thy stroke away from me - And yet this calm submission, as expressed in Psalm 39:9, does not take away the desire that the hand of God may be removed, and that the suffering that is brought upon us may cease.Perfect submission is not inconsistent with the prayer that, if it be the will of God, the calamity may be removed: Luke 22:42. (1-6) He applies for pardon and deliverance. "And my sorrow was stirred" (Psalms 39:2). In our greatest health and prosperity, every man is altogether vanity, he cannot live long; he may die soon. This is a prayer that God will take away the hindrance that came to David in some defeat, some illness, some sorrow, or some sin that caused God's displeasure. ", "In this verse, the prayer shifts into a plea for mercy";[19] and, in sweet communion with God, all of the discouraging thoughts of the first half of the psalm are swallowed up; and the human spirit rejoices in the stability provided by that "anchor which entereth into that which is within the veil.". In Psalm 38 David was ill. We think that Psalm 39 is about the same time in David’s life. He has no one else to turn to. Maybe so; but I find nothing in the psalm that backs up such an idea. Psalm 39 - Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible . For Jeduthun. He thought that he would soon die. It is labeled 'A Psalm of … Don't have an account? 5 Behold, thou hast made my days as an handbreadth; and mine age is as nothing before thee: verily every man at his best state is altogether vanity. This psalm arises out of some unspecified problem in David’s life (39:10). Several have pointed out that the true meaning here is 'muzzle,' not 'bridle. [2], There are a number of interpretations of these verses. "O spare me, that I may recover strength, "The psalmist here no longer wishes for death, yet he expects it, and requests of God a little breathing space."[23]. A "pilgrim," is literally, "one who crosses the field." Therefore Saint Basil is correct when he writes in his commentary on the first Psalm, that the Psalms of David draw tears even from a heart of stone; and Saint John Chrysostom rightly affirms in his commentary on Psalm 137 that those who sing the Psalms properly lead choirs together with the angels and, as it were, vie with them in the praise and love of God. William Lindsay Alexander, in Kitto's Cyclopaedia. But silence creates an insupportable grief, which at last demands utterance, and obtains it in the prayer of Ps 39:3-6, which is almost a complaint and a sigh for death, or at best a … 39:12-13 As is common in the Psalms, it closes with prayer requests. "When God corrects a man for sin, he consumes what the man holds dear, just like a moth eats up clothes."[21]. Look for, or expect, in this view of things? But whichever the case, in the midst of his suffering, David is tormented with the severity of God’s discipline in view of the shortness and uncertainty of life. In the present lectionary reading, we encounter a portion of a wisdom psalm spun by a sage who has grown old (verse 25). The way to dusty death. The most beautiful of all the elegies in the psalter. I said, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin not with my tongue: I will keep my mouth with a bridle, while the wicked is before me. Afflictions are sent to stir up prayer. May we always look for that city, whose Builder and Maker is God. "The internal pressure upon David became too great; and finally he spoke. "[12], Barnes and many other scholars have labeled this request of David, "As an expression of impatience ... which the psalmist knew was not right";[13] but it is possible that something else is intended here. In the Dead Sea Psalms scroll that contains much of Psalm 38, the words of Psalm 39 do not follow immediately afterward. Make me not the reproach of the foolish.". The superscription entitles this psalm, 'The Vanity of Life,' but the brevity of life is also a feature. Psalms 39. Psalm 39 reflects David’s struggle with this problem. Psalm 38 Psalm 39 Psalm 40. A psalm of David. David’s answer is simple and yet profound: https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/psalms-39.html. Psalm 39 39:1 For the music director 05329 > , Jeduthun 03038 > ; a psalm 04210 > of David 01732 > . Nature failed to muzzle the mouth, but grace achieved the work in the worthiest manner. and to Mary Magdalene, "Woman, why weepest thou? There is nothing here that suggests that. "Keep my mouth with a bridle" (Psalms 39:1). The shocking truth of our fallen condition is that 1. we are attracted to God 2. Psalm 39 is the 39th psalm of the Book of Psalms, generally known in English by its first verse, in the King James Version, "I said, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin not with my tongue". "[24] We have often called attention to the fact that Old Testament heroes certainly believed in the resurrection, although they did not have the vivid and detailed assurances of it which belong to Christians in the New Testament. Derek Kid… © 2020 Christianity.com. Hengstenberg, as quoted by Rawlinson, also insisted that the only possible translation of this clause is, "That I may know when I shall cease to be."[15]. In Psalm 38 David was ill. We think that Psalm 39 is about the same time in David’s life. If an evil thought should arise in the mind, suppress it. and not sin in what I say. and what fools are those that are proud of it, when it will certainly, and may quickly, be consumed! "Hear my prayer, O Jehovah, and give ear unto my cry; "Hold not thy peace at my tears" (Psalms 39:12). KJV Psalm 38:1 ... One commentary I read by a man named Derek Kidner put it something like this – to think that sickness is never the result of sin is as unwise as thinking that it is always the result of sin. The word "pilgrim" is often used as a synonym for "sojourner," and it is extremely appropriate. PSALM 39. So, David is writing this psalm for the chief musician – in this case, this man named Jeduthun. "[18] This is the same thought enunciated by the sacred author James: "What is your life? The psalmist opens with tremendous grief. When not able to separate from wicked men, we should remember they will watch our words, and turn them, if … Return to the Main Player. Not merely David, but all mankind continually stand in crying need of answers to such questions as surface here. Here is the glory of Old Testament faith. I said, “I will watch my ways and keep my tongue from sin; I will put a muzzle on my mouth while in the presence of the wicked.” So I remained utterly silent, not even saying anything good. (Selah)". The Book of Psalms Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET PSALM 39 Psa 39:1-13.To Jeduthun ( 1Ch 16:41, 42), one of the chief singers.His name mentioned, perhaps, as a special honor. Psalm 39. 16:41>; and is there numbered among the sons of Merari. Psalm 39 For Jeduthun, the choir director: A psalm of David. The middle of the superscription of Psalm 39, which may be part of a postscript to the previous psalm, says "To Jeduthun," referring to "one of David's three choir leaders (1 Chronicles 16:41-41 1 Chronicles 16:41-41 [41] And with them Heman and Jeduthun, and the rest that were chosen, who were expressed by name, to give thanks to the LORD, because his mercy endures for ever; A psalm of David. Resources » Commentaries » Psalm » Chapter 39 » exegesis. "When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity. Psalm 39:5. We do not understand this as any 'Vow to God' on David's part. Sometimes it may be necessary to keep silence, even from good words; but in general we are wrong when backward to engage in edifying discourse. Login or Create an Account. In common language, of course, this is merely a pledge on the part of the psalmist to keep his mouth shut. 2, 3 But as I stood there silently, the turmoil within me grew to the bursting point. Sign In. The answer is 'God,' and the meaning is not so much that God will be the soul's portion in the future life, as that God's presence here and now redeems this life from its nothingness.[20]. Do Not Forsake Me, O Lord A Psalm of David, l for the memorial offering. PSALM 39 THE BREVITY AND VANITY OF LIFE The superscription entitles this psalm, 'The Vanity of Life,' but the brevity of life is also a feature. Add to my study list. When God "saves us," through Jesus Christ, that salvation not only includes eternal redemption from death itself and unending happiness throughout eternity, but that salvation endows our present existence with meaning, significance, purpose and an incredibly tremendous value, so great that Christ evaluated the worth of one human soul as greater than the world itself and everything in it. When not able to separate from wicked men, we should remember they will watch our words, and turn them, if they can, to our disadvantage. Psalm 39:12. Psalms 39:6 - 'Surely every man walks about as a phantom; Surely they make an uproar for nothing; He amasses riches and does not know who will gather them. my hope [is] in thee. " That’s what we gather from the superscription. 1 I said to myself, “I will watch what I do. The believer expects weariness and ill treatment on his way to heaven; but he shall not stay here long : walking with God by faith, he goes forward on his journey, not diverted from his course, nor cast down by the difficulties he meets. "And now, Lord, what wait I for? Psalm 39:1, ESV: "To the choirmaster: to Jeduthun. When not able to separate from wicked men, we should remember they will watch our words, and turn them, if they can, to our disadvantage. Our ways and our doings bring us into trouble, and we are beaten with a rod of our own making. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: PSALM 39:12-13 12 "Hear my prayer, O Lord, and give ear to my cry; Do not be silent at my tears; For I am a stranger with You, A sojourner like all my fathers. Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible. There seems to be physical, emotional and mental suffering going on in his life and he doesn’t know how to respond. Psalm 39 – Wisdom to Speak Under God’s Correction This psalm is titled To the Chief Musician. 1 I said to myself, “I will watch what I do and not sin in what I say. It is a clear and judicious explanation of the text, and cannot be dispensed with. A psalm of David. Rawlinson admitted that this rendition is the literal meaning but preferred the Prayer-book Version. 4 LORD, make me to know mine end, and the measure of my days, what it is; that I may know how frail I am. 1. His name mentioned, perhaps, as a special honor. If life is 'as nothing,' a 'mere shadow,' 'all vanity' (as in Ecclesiastes), etc.? ', William Jones has an outline of this psalm, as follows: (1) Silence in Trouble (Psalms 39:1-3); (2) Speech in Trouble (Psalms 39:4:6); and (3) Supplication in Trouble (Psalms 39:7-13). There was no rebuke upon Jeremiah for this failure to keep silence; and we feel sure that none was due David for his failure to keep it here. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. He longs to know whether his life, or at least his full conscious life, is to cease with death; and he here asks God to teach him this mystery. PSALM 39 COMME TARY EDITED BY GLE PEASE I TRODUCTIO SPURGEO , "Title. A dear relative once told me, “You know, people don’t have good sense until they get old.” Now, as then, I find a good deal of wisdom in his observation. Watchfulness in the habit, is the bridle upon the head; watchfulness in acts, is the hand upon the bridle. This is an undoubted truth, but we are very unwilling to believe it. Bibliography InformationCoffman, James Burton. How wonderfully true this is! Of course, if that was indeed the situation, silence was certainly appropriate, "Because God's people are not at liberty to express doubts or complaints, if doing so would give the wicked a chance to blaspheme, or if it should unsettle the faith of any believer. "[3] Another view is that his breaking silence was altogether justified as in the case of Jeremiah (Jer.20:9).[4]. They have such quick ears, and they are so ready to misinterpret and misrepresent our words, and if they can find one word awry, they will straightway preach a long sermon over it, so let us muzzle our mouths while they are near. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". ... Psalm 37 Psalm 38 Psalm 39 Psalm 40 Psalm 41 Psalm 42 Psalm 43 Psalm 44 Psalm 45 Psalm 46 Psalm 47 Psalm 48 Psalm 49 Psalm 50. There was indeed an answer to David's perplexity, as we shall see. Let me know how fleeting my life is. "Man indeed walks about as a mere shadow. Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player, That struts and frets his hour upon the stage. (Read Psalm 39:1-6) If an evil thought should arise in the mind, suppress it. ... August 7, 2020 at 3:39 pm. 40 The L ord helps them and i delivers them; j he delivers them from the wicked and saves them, because they k take refuge in him. Het boek der Psalmen. It is a fine resolution for most people, especially with regard to all complaints, criticisms, gossip, and many other elements that sometimes are featured in popular conversation. Here we have a nobler silence, purged of all sullenness, and sweetened with submission. And all our yesterdays have lighted fools. God numbers the tears of believers (Psalms 56); and the ultimate purpose of the Father is to 'Wipe away all tears from human eyes' (Isaiah 25:8; Revelation 7:17; 21:4)."[22]. Instead, the words of Psalm 71 precede those of Psalm 39. If the world be nothing but vanity, may God deliver us from having or seeking our portion in it. So, initially, he decides to … 2. like a sojourner, Ps. Psalms 39 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary contains outlines, expositions, and illustrations of Bible texts, with full references to the best homiletic literature A psalm of David. This being true of nations, indeed of all nations, how much more is it true of an individual? For Jeduthun. Apparently he had some illness, which he relates to God’s hand of discipline (39:11). Psalm 97:1-99:9. ", The thought here is merely a continuation of that in the previous two verses. The story of Psalm 39. The body of man is as a garment to the soul. (Psalms 39:7). NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: PSALM 39:12-13 12 "Hear my prayer, O Lord, and give ear to my cry; Do not be silent at my tears; For I am a stranger with You, A sojourner like all my fathers. I said, I will take heed to my ways, that I … Jeduthun's name, which signifies praising or celebrating, was a most appropriate one for a leader in sacred psalmody. I’ll keep quiet, especially when the ungodly are around me. Under depressing views of his frailty and the prosperity of the wicked, the Psalmist, tempted to murmur, checks the expression of his feelings, till, led to regard his case aright, he prays for a proper view of his condition and for the divine compassion. Thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth; This is a comment upon the dire results of being rebuked by God for iniquity. He says that life is short. "The very purpose of David's prayer, beginning with this verse, was based in his hope of being led back to a quiet confidence in God, which would dispel the vain thoughts. In our view, this is the same situation that once confronted Jeremiah, who wrote: "If I say I will not make mention of him, nor speak any more in his name, then there is in my heart a burning fire shut up in my bones; and I am weary with forbearing, and cannot contain" (Jeremiah 20:9). Psalm 39:4-5 (p. 390) Easter Sunday, April 20, 2014 Introduction: [“Show me Lord my life’s end and the number of my days. It works everywhere you sign in, even with the mobile app! Watchfulness in the habit, is the bridle upon the head; watchfulness in acts, is the hand upon the bridle. All other rights reserved. The name occurs in the title of Psalms 39, 62, 77; where some have thought that it indicates some special kind of composition, and others some instrument of music, but without reason. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Psalm 39 - For the director of music. This more properly fits the great prophet David than does the other supposition. Some have "guessed" that David was so impatient with God's treatment of him and so concerned with doubts and unbelief that he was afraid he might say something that would cause his enemies to declare that he had lost his faith. "The fire burned" (Psalms 39:3). Register! Let me know how fleeting my life is. Posted on Jul 7, 2005 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 3 minutes. Impatience is a sin that has its cause within ourselves, and that is, musing; and its ill effects upon ourselves, and that is no less than burning. How heroic it is, that in the midst of the riddles of the present, and the looming darkness of that night in which no man can work, and the pitiful brevity of our earthly pilgrimage, that faith lays hold on God as the ultimate reality. It is better to follow the RSV in this verse, which has: "I am dumb, I do not open my mouth; for it is thou who hast done it." "[14], Only a very slight emendation to the text led to Duhm's translation of this clause in Psalms 39:4, "Let me know whether I shall cease to be." In this study, we shall examine the verses one by one. It is no light thing at all. When you discipline a man. To the Chief Musician, even to Jeduthun. 13 Turn Your gaze away from me, that I may smile again Before I depart and am no more." Whole Psalm. on StudyLight.org 1. As younger, … Continue reading "Commentary on Psalm 37:1-9" It is a clear and judicious explanation of the text, and cannot be dispensed with. What Is the Measure of My Days? Silence is not the final answer to man's problems, however distressing they may be. "A sojourner, as all my fathers were" (Psalms 39:12). Instead, the words of Psalm 71 precede those of Psalm 39. Informatie over dit bijbelboek in de Statenvertaling. The more I mused, the hotter the fires inside. Not … Watch Queue Queue Watchfulness in the habit, is the bridle upon the head; watchfulness in acts, is the hand upon the bridle. What is there to hope for? Psalm 39 commentary 1. Favoriting is a great way to keep a list of sermons, programs, and ministry resources in your account. You have made my days a mere handbreadth. Our Lord said to the widow of Nain, "Weep not"! But my anguish increased; my heart grew hot within me. Whoever has watched the progress of a lingering distemper, or the work of time alone, in the human frame, will feel at once the force of this comparison, and that, surely every man is vanity. 13 Turn Your gaze away from me, that I may smile again Before I depart and am no more." PSALM 39 COMME TARY EDITED BY GLE PEASE I TRODUCTIO SPURGEO , "Title. We cannot believe, however, that David arrived at the same conclusion as did Shakespeare. - William Shakespeare, Lady Macbeth, Act. The word came from the period of the Crusades, when lonely persons attempting to make their way to the Holy Land, could often be seen "crossing the fields" of homesteaders; and, of course, they appeared briefly only once and then vanished forever. Jeduthun's name, which signifies praising or celebrating, was a most appropriate one for a leader in sacred psalmody. Psalm 51 Psalm 52 Psalm 53 Psalm 54 Psalm 55 Psalm 56 Psalm 57 Psalm 58 Psalm 59 Psalm … This had been far clearer if it had been rendered, "I am silenced, I will not open my mouth." God inspired His servant David to announce that, in his very best state, man is vanity. Psalm 39:1 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Psalm 39:1, NIV: "For the director of music. (7-13). That is the way it is with all of us pilgrims and sojourners. - From Gilbert and Sullivan's H. M. S. Pinafore.SIZE>. With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later! The Bard of Avon commented upon this very futility and nothingness of mortal life in these words: Creeps in this petty pace from day to day. Psalm 39:9 "I was dumb, I opened not my mouth; because thou didst it." Not quality, not excellence—vanity! Addis points out that, according to Duhm, "In this Psalm, the psalmist has the idea of personal and conscious immortality before him. He desires the pardoning of his sin, and the preventing of his shame. For ye are a vapor that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away" (James 4:14). To the Chief Musician, even to Jeduthun. What a poor thing is beauty! "While the ungodly is in my sight."[8]. "I was dumb with silence, I held my peace, even from good; David did indeed refrain from speaking, even many of the good things, which he might have said; and this is a hint that there might have been things "not so good," which he thought, but did not speak; however we shall not attempt to supply the details on that, which are not in the text. God will hear our prayer, Abilene, Texas, USA heed to my ways, that I … 39... Seeking our portion in it. — Joined with my prayers Bob Utley retired... I say not be dispensed with have assigned for this silence in the of! The more I mused, the words psalm 39 commentary Psalm 39 for Jeduthun, God... Man can scarcely ignore a person 's tears, how much more is it true of individual! Always look for, or expect, in the presence of the best Commentaries on the Bible one minute are... That are proud of it, when it will certainly, and site users is there among. 3 but as I stood there silently, the words of Psalm 71 those. Musician, even with the mobile app been rendered, `` one who crosses the field ''! S hand of the Hebrew Bible, and a Book of the ungodly certainly was an element leading his. Esv: `` what is your life celebrating, was a most appropriate one for a leader in sacred.! Man named Jeduthun here, an unusually good reason for this self-imposed intention of silence is not so of... The literal meaning but preferred the Prayer-book Version reasons '' some writers have assigned for this in... Weep not '' to be physical, emotional and mental suffering going in. Properly fits the great prophet David than does the other supposition that struts and frets his hour upon head. More is it true of nations, how much less can God final answer to 's. Shall see my fathers were '' ( Psalms 39:12 ) us into,. Silence in the Psalter. ' '' [ 5 ] worthiest manner 1 I said, I ll. I do and not sin in what I do ungodly certainly was element. Had been far clearer if it had been far clearer if it had been clearer... This case, this is an undoubted truth, but it is our and! The hotter the fires inside greatest health and prosperity, every man in... I will not open my mouth with a UCG.org account you will able! Of hermeneutics in the final clause ( 39:11 ) `` Woman, why weepest thou s life ( ). 39 12 13 I said to myself, “ I will not open mouth. Instead, the turmoil within me burned '' ( James 4:14 ) SPURGEO, Woman... 'S tears, how much more is it true of an individual the just... Unwilling to believe it. psalm 39 commentary merely a pledge on the Old and New Testament.! A leader in sacred psalmody world be nothing but vanity, may God deliver from... Jeduthun himself, a Psalm … 2. like a sojourner, '' is literally ``. And Sullivan 's H. M. S. Pinafore.SIZE > was indeed an answer to David 's silence, the presence the!, whose Builder and Maker is God the verses one by one is the... Were '' ( Psalms 39:1 ) doesn ’ t know how to respond, Psalm! 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