Fescue grass varieties are primarily "clump" grasses and while they do "tiller" (spread wider), they do not actually trail. Fescues are much more drought tolerant and deeper rooting than bluegrass, but as the roots intertwine and grow together, the deeper fescue roots actually bring water up to the bluegrass through osmosis and improve its drought tolerance, resulting in a hardier turf blend. Knowing which grass types your lawn needs will not only make caring for it much easier, it’ll look thicker and healthier too. Buffalo is a hardy grass that grows well in the sun and shade, whereas LM Berea is well suited for shady areas. These grasses have a trailing growth habit and handle heavy foot traffic better than cool-season grasses (like fescues). Centipede grass is a medium to light green color. Cold-season grasses grow best in cool climates and fade when the weather gets hot. When mowed, Ryegrass’ health depends on the sharpness of the blade used on the mower. To get the best-looking lawn in your neighborhood, you have to pick the best type of lawn grass. This versatile lawn grass creates a beautiful turfgrass in warm regions and also the transition zone. Another way to identify this warm grass type is by the blade shape that tapers to rounded tips. Bermuda grass is a grayish-green color and has short flat blades with rough edges. Some of the most popular kinds of warm-season grasses are: The fine texture of this luscious lawn grass means it’s suitable for turf where sports are played. Buffalo grass is a warm-season perennial grass that tolerates heat and drought. Usually, though, lawns fall into one of these two types: Warm season grasses that thrive in warm-weather regions, such as the Southern United States. Ryegrass has a shiny texture and is rare because unlike most other grasses, it’s veins are visible on the blade. Popular types of grass include Kentucky bluegrass, Bermuda grass, centipede grass, perennial ryegrass, and fine fescue lawn grass. The sod is used where low-maintenance, heat-tolerant, and drought-resistant lawns are required. These popular types of grass grow well in Texas, California, Florida, and Alabama. The deep root system gives this grass species the ability to withstand droughts. The grass names also indicate something about their growth habit and appearance. Looking at images of the grass blades, you will notice fine ribs running the length of them. The second big consideration is whether the local climate favors cool-season or warm-season turf varieties. Bermuda grass sod is a hardy type of lawn grass suitable for warm regions. The Grounds Guys® is a team of knowledgeable, experienced landscape professionals that can help you decide which type of grass is best for you, with services to keep your lawn and landscaping looking its best all year round. The broad blades measure between 0.16” and 0.4” (4 – 10mm) wide. The sod also grows in a wide range of soil types, making it suitable for warm-season lawn grass in many tropical areas. As a popular type of warm-season grass, St. Augustine is as popular as Bermuda grass. The hardy turfgrass grows in most soil condition, it is shade- and cold-tolerant, and doesn’t require much maintenance. Korean grass is a popular grass used in parks and big lawns Belonging to the group of Bermuda grass variety, it is locally called as Korean grass. When grasses are in a dormant state, foot traffic can quickly wear a muddy path through the turf thatch. Looking at pictures of sod or turfgrass, it’s easy to think that all grasses look the same. See more ideas about landscape design, lawn grass types, backyard landscaping. However, it doesn’t have such a deep luscious green color as other types of lawn grass. This is true whether the shade is due to trees, the sun's angle as seasons change, or compass location (north and east facing locations are cooler and more shaded than areas facing west or south ). Kentucky bluegrass is one of the most gorgeous types of lawns that you could possibly have. Bermuda grass is a fast-growing type of grass. Let’s start with the Bluegrass. For shady areas, bluegrass (often called Kentucky Bluegrass) is a cool-season variety that has a higher shade tolerance than fescue. For instance, Marathon 2, Medallion, Centurion, Elite, Bonsai and Legacy are all brand names for similar dwarf fescue turf varieties. As their name implies, they like warm weather. You may see the grass seed or sod marketed as KBG. Another way to identify the type of grass is by its new shoots that grow (stolons). Perennial ryegrass is a fast-growing grass that quickly grows from seed. This type of grass is hard-wearing and is a common lawn grass in Florida and the south-east. The grass blades grow up to 8” (20 cm) long and are about 0.12” to 0.2” (3 – 5 mm) broad with a smooth texture. However, you can quickly identify individual species of grass by examining them up close. Unfortunately, sod growers produce only the most popular varieties which, except for a few, are mono-cultures. Features of common types of warm-season grasses: Bermuda grass (zones 7-10)—This type of grass has tiny hairs on the blades of fine-textured, hardy grass. Perennial ryegrass is a popular cold season grass suitable for lawns and golf courses. Due to the delicate grass leaves, it’s best not to grow fine fescue grass in high-traffic areas. To still have a lawn in winter, Southerners will sometimes overseed with annual ryegrass. Bahiagrass is a low-growing grass that spreads via creeping stolons. When cutting Ryegrass with a sharp blade, a white color is left on top of each blade of grass. This is also a popular grass type of pastures. These grasses have a trailing growth habit and handle heavy foot traffic better than cool-season grasses (like fescues). Even overseeding an existing sod lawn can help it resist foot traffic and adapt better to site conditions. Fortunately, these unsightly spots are easy to seed and repair. It grows low and is a very low maintenance turfgrass. *The performance of these grasses can be enhanced by mixing with other grass varieties. Another kind of grass that grows well in hot regions is St. Augustine. During the growing season, you’ll need to mow the lawn frequently. There are around 12,000 different types of grass in the botanical family Poaceae. For better fill-in properties, add 15% Kentucky Bluegrass. No matter how inherently tough these grasses are, they are simply unsuitable in shady areas. Growing in sunny locations, this fast-growing lawn grass quickly forms a dense mat of green. var theDate=new Date() In states of the Midwest, perennial ryegrass is one of the most popular lawn grasses. For instance, your front or back lawn can consist of a single type of grass or multiple species.. On the other hand, commercial and some recreational areas, i.e., golf courses, fairways, sports fields, and ordinary lawns, have a grassy layout to provide a smooth finishing. Popular types of cold season grasses include tall fescue, Kentucky bluegrass, rough bluegrass, and perennial ryegrass. However, the depth of greenness in lush Kentucky bluegrass lawns is worth the extra work. Kentucky bluegrass is the choice of grass seed if you want to have a perfect lawn. There are about a dozen different grasses, and most lawns contain a mixture of them. So, this is often the species of grass used in tennis courts and golf course greens. Identify Common Cool-Season Lawn Grasses The following are some of the most common cool-season grasses found in U.S. lawns. Focus on the quality and reputation of the sod farm you are buying from and forget about the brand names. Characteristics: Warm-season grass - fine to medium leaf texture, dark green, dense and low growing via rhizomes and stolons some varieties tolerate very low maintenance, while others produce lawns of exceptional beauty when given extra care - root system is extensive and very deep. As such, they are appropriate for low to medium foot traffic. Centipede grass is a popular grass in southeastern states with homeowners who want lush green lawns throughout the summer. Also, the turf doesn’t grow well if there is heavy foot traffic, or it’s planted in shaded areas. Why are turf varieties sold under different names? To ensure you choose the right grass for your home, you need to carefully consider the features of each grass variety and assess which is most suited to your location and maintenance preferences. The thin flat blades measure about 0.07” (2 mm) wide. Fine fescue is one type of cold season grass that is a common ornamental or turfgrass. Even in low moisture areas or in drought, the turfgrass retains its blue-green color. Wet soil can provide a particular challenge, so let’s look at some of the types of grass that grows well in wet lawns. Kikuyu Grass. Blades are flat and gently taper to a point. This warm-season perennial lawn grass also goes by the name of devil’s grass, scutch grass, and dog’s tooth grass. document.write(theDate.getFullYear()) The growth period for these cold-hardy grass types is in fall and spring. Because tall fescue grass tolerates heat, cold, drought, and shade, it is suitable for most yards. Korean grass doesn’t need to be mowed extensively to maintain a pretty look. Excellent for sod or turfgrass in areas with sandy, acidic soils. However, compared to bahiagrass, St. Augustine requires more maintenance, including mowing, watering, and fertilization. The most important factor to consider in selecting a lawn grass is its ability to survive the intended use of the yard. Bluegrass blends (over 100 cultivars are available) have a softer, finer blade and grow easily from seed or sod. Seed blends of different grasses naturally adapt to a changing environment, whether it be changes from sun to shade, hot to cool, wet to dry, or season to season. All this name calling can be confusing. Kikuyu is most well known for being a highly invasive and aggressive grower and it is this trait that makes it suitable in some cases as a home lawn. Copyright 2010 - Fescues are deep rooting and drought tolerant, but not salt tolerant, so dog urine can burn spots. For instance, if you add 15% Kentucky Bluegrass to a fescue lawn, the bluegrass, with its spreading growth behavior and improved shade tolerance, will help fill in foot traffic and urine spots. This runner-type grass does well in both sunny and shaded areas. Not recommended for active play or large pets. Trails aggressively; weekly edging required. Dwarf fescue turf varieties are grown from seed by many sod farms. Common Grass Types in Australia. Warm-season grasses are also deep rooting and drought-tolerant. Buffalo grass is a popular type of sod in warm areas and identified by its short blades. Other names for this grass include English ryegrass, ray grass, or winter grass. How can you know what to pick? This cold season grass grows into lush, green dense turf with durable qualities. Different grass types have different leaf widths, features, tolerance levels and appearance. The first consideration is sunlight. Fine fescue grass has some of the narrowest blades of grass with leaves being less than 1.5 mm wide. The "toughest" grasses (considering only that characteristic) are the sports-turf grasses like common Bermuda, hybrid Bermuda or zoysia. As an example, let's say you want to use a "tough" grass to accommodate an active sports playing family. A good example of a high-traffic blend is a "sports field" seed mixture containing a Bermuda grass and turf-type perennial rye grass (which tolerates shorter mowing heights). The hardy grass is an excellent choice where there’s a lot of foot traffic. This type of turfgrass is an excellent choice for a robust, healthy lawn if you live in temperate climates. However, St. Augustine grass is more durable than bahiagrass. For sites with mixed conditions, planting your lawn with seed instead of sod may be your best bet. Fine Fescue Kentucky Bluegrass Ryegrass Tall Fescue Bahia Lawns made up of mixed varieties can improve hardiness. You can tell this species of turf by the medium-length blades that are thin and lanceolate shaped. Sir Walter DNA Certified Buffalo Grass; Sir Grange Zoysia; TifTuf Hybrid Bermuda; Eureka Kikuyu Grass; Nullarbor Couch Grass; Platinum Zoysia Grass; RTF Fescue Grass; Tropical Carpet Grass; Eureka Kikuyu Premium VG Grass; Turf suppliers; Laying turf; Lawn care; Lawn care store These types of lawns that go dormant are also best for cold climate areas and can typically handle being snowbound. From these choices, pick one that will best suit the needs of your whole family, including children, adults and pets. The ideal temperature range for cold season grasses is between 65°F and 80°F (18°C – 26°C). • Layer on top. These are warm- and cool-season grasses. In fact, you may only need to mow your lawn once a month and just water occasionally. Buffalo Grass; Zoysia … This grass can actually fill in bare spots more quickly because it spreads by rhizomes (a horizontal underground stem that sends out its own roots and shoots) and tillers to create a dense sod lawn. Popular types of grass include Kentucky bluegrass, Bermuda grass, centipede grass, perennial ryegrass, and fine fescue lawn grass. St. Augustine grass is identified by its broad, flat blades that are a dark green color. This dense lawn grass grows well in full sun and can also stand light to medium shade. In this grass image: Zoysia japonica ‘Compadre’. Fescues' nontrailing growth habit can often make maintenance easier because these lawns stay in the space for which they were intended and do not invade adjacent planters. Centipede grass (zones 7-10)—This grass variety has thin blades of grass with a coarse texture. This resilient grass type needs to grow in soil with good drainage. So there isn’t a one-size-fits-all solution when choosing a new lawn. Grass That Grows Well in Wet Lawns. Many kinds of grass exist, but there are just two main varieties. This turfgrass is a popular, all-around grass that is used for lawns, golf course fairways, and other places subject to high traffic. What are the most common types of grass found in American lawns? Bahiagrass—also called common Bahia—is a warm-season perennial grass that grows in subtropical climates. For sunny areas where winter dormancy is acceptable, the best lawns are warm-season turf varieties like Bermuda, hybrid Bermuda, kikuyu and zoysias. Centipede grass forms thick sod that thrives in warm temperatures with very little maintenance. In the Deep South, warm-season grasses are generally grown. St. Augustine lawn grass is identified by its broad leaf and rounded blade tips. Regular mowing and watering will help to keep the grass healthy. These types of lawn grasses grow actively from mid-April to mid-October. These 12 grasses each have unique features and applications. The key to having a lush, green lawn is in choosing the right type of lawn grass for your unique climate and lifestyle. Named after a Slovenian botanist, Zoysia lawn grass is a warm-season grass that tolerates a wide range of growing conditions. This is one of the yard grass types that people choose when they value appearance above all else. Not so fast. The grass grows thick and green and keeps its color for most of the year. The cold season grass is popular as a lawn grass where good cold tolerance is needed. Bahiagrass is a lawn grass grown in warm areas and is low maintenance type of grass. Bluegrass and fescue blends help each other adapt to site conditions. And if you’re creating sowing a new lawn from scratch or overseeding an existing one, you’ll be able to choose the best grass seed for the job. They also tend to fill in bare areas caused from heavy foot traffic or dog urine spots more quickly, and they have a higher salt tolerance (urine). Grass blades are hairless and measure up to 0.23” (6 mm) wide. Another identifying feature of perennial lawn grass is that it grows in clumps or bunches. Very sensitive to chemical weed controls. Is there adequate sunlight in the garden space to support shade-intolerant varieties? Generally, warm-season turfgrass varieties grow best in southern states and cool-season lawn grass types grow well in northern states. Tall fescue grass is characterized by its clumping growth habit and deep roots. You can identify this grass by its flat, folded blades that taper to a point. A warm-season grass with a high shade tolerance is St. Augustine. Identifying the kind of grass you have is done by examining the width of its blade, its shape, and the type of blade tips. Examples of warm-season grasses include centipede grass, bahiagrass, and Bermuda grass. Up close at the leaves, it doesn ’ t a one-size-fits-all solution when choosing a new lawn fair.. 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